Climate change creates warmer air which is capable of containing more water vapor than cooler air. When this air becomes a storm, it produces more precipitation. Extreme rainfall often leads to extreme flooding.The most extreme climate impacts predicted in Europe are an increased likelihood of extreme rainfall events and overall increased rainfall (Northern Europe) (IPCC 5th Assessment Report, Europe, p2175). The UK is set to see about a 10% rise in annual average rainfall by 2100 (IPPC 5th Assessment Report, Summary for Policymakers p20). This coupled with climate change’s effect on the direction of jet streams, means that the UK is starting to get exposed to sequences of storms and heavy downpours which provide the conditions for ongoing increased instances of flooding (Met Office, Report: The Recent Storms and Floods in the UK, 2014).
Learning if you live in a potential flood zone and preparing yourself, your friends, and family as well as your community for the next flood, will save lives as well as decrease damage to your home and greater community.